Julie Carrera and colleagues found hundreds of contract manufacturing companies capable of producing dual use chemicals and biological agents. Almost all companies are located in countries where they are subject to strategic trade controls.


The Danish Centre for Biosecurity and Biopreparedness published the English version of its report "Biological Security Threats - situation report on biological attacks, weapons development and misuse" in December 2016.


This Rathenau Instituut policy brief, which has been published at the United Nations Office at Geneva's “Think Zone” website for the Sevent


The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences' Biosecurity Committee has published a report on "Improving Biosecurity - Assessment of Dual-use research".